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Villa "Swit" was built of logs in 1933 by Mr. Zygmunt Tarzycki from Warsaw, then an inspector at the Ministry of Transport of the Republic of Poland. After his death in 1935, his daughter Katarzyna, who married Ludwik Małecki, became the owner of the house.

willa historia 1willa 2Wila świt Jazy

Family Małeckich

Until the Warsaw Uprising in 1944, the Małecki family treated the house as a summer house and rented it to the family of Mr. Ferdinand Gisman.
Historia 3

After the uprising broke out, the Małecki family moved to their Villa "Swit" in Maków Podhalański and lived here on the first floor until the spring of 1946. Mr. Gisman's family lived on the ground floor. This move, as Maciej Małecki (www.malecki.art.pl), the son of Mrs. Katarzyna and Ludwik Małecki, recalls, was a move from the proverbial "rain to the gutter" because as early as January 1945 the horror related to the fights between the advancing Red Army and the Home Army partisans who supported it and the withdrawing Nazi troops. The front of this fight was concentrated near the road and railway bridge on the Skawa River and also included the nearby Villa "Świt", then occupied by the so-called The "spearhead" of the Red Army.

This is how Aleksander Gisman, son of Ferdinand Gisman, recalls this period, whose memories of this period were passed on by his daughter Jolanta Gisman-Stoch in Jadwiga Sobczuk's book entitled "Generations of the Makowska Land" p. 179:

(...) It was summer, probably 1943, or maybe 1944. There is a train station in Maków, the tracks from which are laid on an embankment running towards the bridge over the Skawa River and further towards Jordanów. The distance from the railway station to the above-mentioned bridge is approx. 1 km, and the distance to the "Świt" house from the railway embankment is probably 1.5 km. One day, a freight train with artillery ammunition (open wagons covered with straw for camouflage) on the route from the train station to the bridge was set on fire by partisans. They probably wanted the ammunition to explode on the bridge, but the explosion took place in front of the bridge, and it was so strong that fragments of carriages and railroad rails reached the building of the villa "Dawn" (...)
It is the turn of December and January 1944; The Germans in Maków placed batteries on the Skawa River and fired at Mount Makowska, from where they expected partisans to attack. Bullets from the cannons flew over our house, and they could be seen in the evening and at night. The Germans retreat along the road from Jordanów through Maków towards Sucha.
House "Swit" has a wooden structure made of spruce logs and has a basement, walls made of stone blocks. Nearby, on the other side of the stream, there is also a wooden house, but the basement walls are concrete - it belongs to Mr. Rudnicki. One evening a decision is made that you have to hide in the basement, because it could be dangerous. At night you can hear shots from automatic weapons - the partisans descended from the Maków mountain, they are eliminating the German service of the guns and they say that we are liberated, because the Red Army troops will come right from the side of Jordanów. Unfortunately, probably as a result of the lack of communication and reliable information, the retreating German division came instead of the Russians from the Jordanow side; fights began, and as a result of the liquidation of the partisan unit - probably all died. The Germans did not take prisoners, they regarded the partisans as bandits. We were literally on the front line, until now I remember how, after a grenade explosion, wounded guerrillas burst through a small basement window protected from the inside with a mattress and a wooden beam - one of them has a broken arm.

After a while the shots stop and a German soldier stands in the cellar door with a rifle pointed at us and shouts: - Raus! Zwei Minuten! Polnische Schweine! We are leaving - I am first, and my mother is behind me, with Piotr in her arms. Outside, the bodies of killed partisans. Grandfather Ferdek and aunt Władzia (they are dragging some things on the sledge) and the Małecki family with their children leave the building. It turns out that the bullet from the German gun hit the window of the room where I lived with my mother, because the partisans had set up a machine gun there; 4 partisans were killed - their bodies were lying outside. Shots are heard everywhere - the Germans are chasing and finishing off the partisans. We go towards the main road and the bridge over the Skawa River, pulling the sledge, from which things keep falling; I'm very cold and my shoes are falling off, I don't have laces. We enter the last building on the right before the main road. German officers sit at the large round table, and when they see a woman with children in their arms, they stand up and give them chairs. Grandpa Ferdek knows German perfectly and asks where he should go, because our house has been destroyed. The commander showed us the direction of the bridge over the Skawa River towards Jordanów from where the Russians will come, because it is dangerous towards the center of Maków - there will be fights.
The Małecki family return to the “Swit” villa (the floor was not damaged) (...), while we go across the bridge over the Skawa River (now I know that it was mined and blown up on the same day) towards Białka. We walk in the middle of the road, machine-gun shells are flying everywhere, because partisans from Mount Makowska are shooting at the Germans, who are escaping along a ditch along the road towards the center of Maków. Our “belongings” keep falling off the sledge - grandfather Ferdek enters some abandoned house by the road, breaks the curtain and thus we tie the belongings, immediately after that a cannonball hits the entrance of this building. We turn onto a side road towards the village of Zawoja and after some time we enter an abandoned hut - straw on the floor, an iron stove in the corner of the room, and a barrel full of fodder beet peelings in the vestibule. We light a fire in an iron stove, because it's cold, my brother Piotr is only 3 months old. In the evening, after a few hours of rest, you can hear pounding on the door, Russian soldiers called reconnaissance, they are terribly cold and hungry, we have nothing to offer them. there are several of them, they eat beetroot shells, they ask - Kuda feed the German people? - and after a moment of rest they set off towards Zawoja.
On the next day, we set off on our way back to Maków. The sight is monstrous; there is a mess on both sides of the road, full of the bodies of German soldiers, killed horses and wrecked cars. The Russians built a makeshift pontoon bridge on which tanks and cars drive - they also let us pass over this bridge. I saw that one of the cars flew from the bridge to Skawa. We are going to the house of Ferdek's brother on Jaz, because the ground floor of the "Dawn" house is destroyed - on the way someone is shooting at us, missiles are flying over our heads. We are welcomed by our aunt Maryla Wierciak and Basia Gisman. After a few days, a brigade of Russians is stationed here, who are rebuilding the broken road and railway bridge. The Russians are very kind, thanks to them we do not starve, they have good supplies and a great cook from Moscow, and one of the soldiers is from Kamchatka. In the meantime, I don't remember with whom I go to our Dawn house - I only remember the bodies of two killed partisans lying outside the building by a beater; they were already without shoes and pants. "
 
most na rzece Skawa
The bridge over the Skawa river
 
szkic
"Sketch for memories - Aleksander Gisman, Attack of partisans, our escape and return"
 
It is true that traces of the actions of the fighting parties are still visible today on the logs on the southern side of the house and on the ceiling of the southern room with the veranda.
historiahisotira
 
In 1946, the Małecki family sold Willa "Świt" to Mr. Antoni Piergies, who was its owner until 1987, when the author of this story and its present appearance, Kaziemierz Niedźwiedź, became its new owner.

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    Willa "Swit"
    ul. Zeromskiego 28, 34-220 Maków Podhalanski
    Nr konta 12 1020 2892 0000 5702 0229 8602
    tel. 33 877 15 25, tel. kom. 601 41 84 23
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